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Home Team RPIs Conference RPIs n-Rating All Selection Data Archive Schedules Notes on My Calculations Women's RPI Links

NCAA Women's Basketball n-Rating

Games through 17 February 2002


Mean home advantage: 5.3910  SD: 17.9538


N1 = raw expected winning margin
N2 = expected winning margin, adjusted once for opponents' strength


rank team                   n-Rating    N2        N1     W   L conference 


1.   Connecticut            32.226    27.702    21.846   27  0  BigEast
2.   LouisianaTech          21.706    18.620    16.586   19  3  WAC
3.   Tennessee              21.636    16.919     9.932   22  3  SEC
4.   OldDominion            21.092    17.831    14.710   19  5  Colonial
5.   Duke                   20.338    17.445    14.158   21  3  ACC
6.   Oklahoma               19.093    15.245    10.704   22  2  BigTwelve
7.   Vanderbilt             19.041    14.877    10.204   22  6  SEC
8.   Colorado               17.901    13.807    10.678   19  7  BigTwelve
9.   Purdue                 17.524    14.018     9.897   21  4  BigTen
10.  Stanford               17.445    14.465    12.668   26  1  PacTen
11.  Cincinnati             16.928    14.342    13.185   21  4  CUSA
12.  IowaState              15.946    12.168     9.187   19  6  BigTwelve
13.  TexasTech              15.710    11.870     7.728   15  9  BigTwelve
14.  UCSantaBarbara         15.333    12.948    10.660   18  5  BigWest
15.  NotreDame              15.148    11.212     7.864   17  7  BigEast
16.  TCU                    14.360    11.519     9.319   20  5  CUSA
17.  Baylor                 14.228    11.230     9.512   21  4  BigTwelve
18.  LSU                    14.202    10.169     5.909   14  9  SEC
19.  SouthCarolina          14.132    10.704     7.736   21  4  SEC
20.  Southern               13.965    13.781    13.229   18  3  SWAC
21.  Georgia                13.790    10.564     7.307   16  8  SEC
22.  Texas                  13.623    10.117     5.803   16  8  BigTwelve
23.  BostonCollege          13.606    10.055     8.214   19  5  BigEast
24.  KansasState            13.430    10.590     7.583   22  5  BigTwelve
25.  VirginiaTech           13.272     9.801     6.101   16  7  BigEast
26.  UNLV                   13.036    11.230     9.801   20  4  MWC
27.  FloridaInternational   12.869     9.862     7.013   21  5  SunBelt
28.  MississippiState       12.378     8.644     6.049   17  9  SEC
29.  Minnesota              12.378     9.135     6.790   20  5  BigTen
30.  NorthCarolina          12.247     9.687     7.324   21  6  ACC
31.  Wisconsin              12.194     8.525     5.264   17  8  BigTen
32.  HolyCross              12.124    10.423     9.836   19  6  Patriot
33.  Illinois               12.001     8.696     6.448   14 10  BigTen
34.  Arkansas               11.940     8.644     5.711   16  9  SEC
35.  Florida                11.756     8.368     4.453   17  8  SEC
36.  ColoradoState          11.502     9.056     6.895   20  5  MWC
37.  PennState              11.432     7.978     5.413   18  9  BigTen
38.  Chattanooga            10.993     9.634     9.897   18  7  Southern
39.  NewMexico              10.949     8.385     5.878   19  6  MWC
40.  SantaClara             10.914     9.082     6.649   17  8  WCC
41.  Creighton              10.914     9.152     9.222   19  5  MVC
42.  Drake                  10.730     8.271     7.009   18  6  MVC
43.  WisconsinGreenBay      10.704     9.371     9.740   20  6  Horizon
44.  Michigan               10.607     7.219     4.263   15 10  BigTen
45.  USC                    10.599     7.776     6.592   14 11  PacTen
46.  Iowa                   10.599     7.609     4.607   15  9  BigTen
47.  Syracuse               10.581     7.022     4.307   14 10  BigEast
48.  UNCGreensboro          10.537     9.266     7.618   18  7  Southern
49.  Alabama                10.388     6.965     4.381   16  9  SEC
50.  St.Peters              10.371     9.108     8.749   21  4  MAAC
51.  SouthAlabama           10.073     8.710     8.723   17  8  SunBelt
52.  NorthTexas             10.003     7.171     5.067   16  7  SunBelt
53.  Utah                    9.959     7.899     6.474   12 10  MWC
54.  Washington              9.757     7.171     6.110   16  9  PacTen
55.  WisconsinMilwaukee      9.705     8.048     8.552   19  6  Horizon
56.  Temple                  9.512     6.457     4.624   15 10  ATen
57.  BallState               9.450     7.530     7.403   16  6  MAC
58.  EasternKentucky         9.310     7.973     7.149   19  5  OVC
59.  Clemson                 9.266     6.457     3.905   15 10  ACC
60.  St.Josephs              9.249     7.281     6.430   19  6  ATen
61.  Mississippi             9.240     6.527     3.329   11 14  SEC
62.  Auburn                  9.152     6.084     3.454   14 11  SEC
63.  Valparaiso              8.837     7.583     6.294   17  5  MidCon
64.  WesternKentucky         8.775     6.044     3.281   14 11  SunBelt
65.  Delaware                8.758     8.030     7.745   19  5  Colonial
66.  Villanova               8.749     5.755     4.451   15  9  BigEast
67.  OregonState             8.692     5.895     3.092   13 13  PacTen
68.  BYU                     8.674     6.588     6.202   16  8  MWC
69.  Vermont                 8.626     6.838     5.795   16  7  AmEast
70.  Houston                 8.368     6.356     5.952   19  6  CUSA
71.  Denver                  8.179     6.145     5.036   13 12  SunBelt
72.  ArizonaState            8.170     6.093     5.277   21  7  PacTen
73.  MiddleTennessee         8.144     6.018     4.431   15 11  SunBelt
74.  NorthernArizona         8.070     6.755     6.562   13 10  BigSky
75.  Indiana                 7.956     4.914     1.738   12 13  BigTen
76.  MichiganState           7.942     4.804     2.735   15 10  BigTen
77.  Toledo                  7.925     6.465     5.168   15  8  MAC
78.  St.Marys                7.921     5.988     4.537   14 10  WCC
79.  Montana                 7.868     6.395     7.552   15  7  BigSky
80.  TennesseeTech           7.715     6.044     5.242   18  7  OVC
81.  Bradley                 7.605     6.689     6.062   14  9  MVC
82.  Pacific                 7.579     6.220     5.321   14 10  BigWest
83.  Tulane                  7.508     5.220     4.271   17  9  CUSA
84.  Louisville              7.408     4.611     3.281   16 10  CUSA
85.  Pepperdine              7.359     5.440     3.485   19  6  WCC
86.  Siena                   7.355     6.259     6.426   19  4  MAAC
87.  StephenF.Austin         7.281     6.939     7.947   18  5  Southland
88.  Oregon                  7.276     4.848     3.068   14 11  PacTen
89.  GeorgiaTech             7.083     5.080     3.379   14 11  ACC
90.  DePaul                  6.983     3.759     2.073   15 10  CUSA
91.  Rice                    6.886     5.115     5.339   17  7  WAC
92.  WestVirginia            6.882     4.887     4.451   14 10  BigEast
93.  FloridaState            6.763     4.515     3.016   13 12  ACC
94.  MiamiFla.               6.693     3.046     2.014   15  9  BigEast
95.  GeorgeWashington        6.671     4.339     3.638   19  6  ATen
96.  NorthernIowa            6.632     4.813     2.674   12 13  MVC
97.  NewHampshire            6.601     5.716     5.352   13 10  AmEast
98.  NorthwesternState       6.505     6.623     9.126   17  5  Southland
99.  RhodeIsland             6.492     4.677     4.469   14 11  ATen
100. Belmont                 6.487     6.347     8.701   17  5  AtlSun
101. Virginia                6.470     4.030     1.039   15 10  ACC
102. Evansville              6.465     4.245     2.547   12 11  MVC
103. NorthCarolinaState      6.408     3.533     0.603   12 12  ACC
104. OklahomaState           6.325     3.441     0.026   13 13  BigTwelve
105. Nebraska                6.220     3.682     0.951   14 12  BigTwelve
106. KentState               6.220     4.425     3.184   14 10  MAC
107. AlabamaState            6.158     5.974     7.872   15  6  SWAC
108. Maryland                6.084     3.640     1.216   11 14  ACC
109. Charlotte               6.075     3.903     2.974   15 10  CUSA
110. MontanaState            5.961     4.374     4.572   14  9  BigSky
111. Hawaii                  5.961     4.280     3.329   17  6  WAC
112. Wofford                 5.952     5.041     4.528   13 10  Southern
113. Missouri                5.939     3.031     0.839   14 10  BigTwelve
114. Arizona                 5.935     3.583     1.223   13 13  PacTen
115. LoyolaMarymount         5.768     4.120     2.003   15 10  WCC
116. Harvard                 5.720     4.747     4.659   17  5  Ivy
117. Liberty                 5.689     4.975     6.386   18  7  BigSouth
118. AustinPeay              5.400     4.559     4.598   16  9  OVC
119. Marquette               5.387     2.284     0.208   13 11  CUSA
120. SWMissouriState         5.365     3.325     1.848   14  9  MVC
121. EasternMichigan         5.330     4.320     2.985   14  9  MAC
122. Duquesne                5.098     2.737     2.637   13 12  ATen
123. UNCWilmington           5.085     4.381     3.995   12 12  Colonial
124. Maine                   4.997     3.649     2.840   14 10  AmEast
125. SetonHall               4.953     1.955     0.579   13 12  BigEast
126. Furman                  4.940     3.798     2.121   14 11  Southern
127. Tulsa                   4.909     3.266     4.372   15 10  WAC
128. SanDiego                4.892     3.366     3.474   12 13  WCC
129. Binghamton              4.835     4.287     5.334   17  7  AmEast
130. Wyoming                 4.716     2.737     0.690   10 12  MWC
131. Portland                4.699     3.285     1.113   12 13  WCC
132. GeorgiaState            4.633     4.199     4.006   14  9  AtlSun
133. Providence              4.616     1.628    -1.169   11 13  BigEast
134. LongBeachState          4.611     3.507     5.133   14 10  BigWest
135. SanFrancisco            4.589     2.965     0.640   15 10  WCC
136. Massachusetts           4.550     2.753     1.361    8 17  ATen
137. TexasA&MCorpusChristi   4.524     3.653     3.250   12 12  Independent
138. MiamiOhio               4.519     2.562     2.148   14 10  MAC
139. WesternMichigan         4.502     2.801     2.639   13 11  MAC
140. BostonUniversity        4.484     3.561     2.954   15  9  AmEast
141. Richmond                4.405     2.113     0.245   12 15  ATen
142. Memphis                 4.396     1.414     0.134   11 14  CUSA
143. Howard                  4.359     4.469     4.874   15  8  MEAC
144. Dayton                  4.232     1.716     0.173   10 15  ATen
145. Kentucky                4.120     0.239    -2.486    8 16  SEC
146. WesternIllinois         4.076     3.270     3.401   10 11  MidCon
147. SEMissouriState         4.006     3.257     3.364   11 11  OVC
148. Manhattan               3.987     3.436     2.904   15 10  MAAC
149. Rutgers                 3.787     0.405    -2.414    7 17  BigEast
150. GeorgiaSouthern         3.754     2.897     1.530   11 12  Southern
151. OhioState               3.653     0.945    -0.838   12 14  BigTen
152. ArkansasState           3.651     1.335    -0.457   12 14  SunBelt
153. Gonzaga                 3.625     2.314     2.498    8 15  WCC
154. WeberState              3.610     2.273     3.879   17  8  BigSky
155. TexasA&M                3.515     0.872     0.215   13 12  BigTwelve
156. NorthernIllinois        3.515     2.058     1.398   13 10  MAC
157. Georgetown              3.219     0.831     1.405   12 12  BigEast
158. Cornell                 2.935     2.853     3.693   14  9  Ivy
159. Hartford                2.906     2.163     1.580   11 13  AmEast
160. VirginiaCommonwealth    2.805     1.600     0.138   13 11  Colonial
161. JamesMadison            2.803     1.525     0.723   14  9  Colonial
162. Bucknell                2.494     1.775     3.138   16  8  Patriot
163. CollegeofCharleston     2.308     1.826     1.420   11 11  Southern
164. JacksonState            2.306     2.384     3.215   10 11  SWAC
165. WichitaState            2.260     0.351    -1.128   10 13  MVC
166. Oakland                 2.251     0.714     0.305   13 11  MidCon
167. Marist                  2.229     1.444     1.039   10 15  MAAC
168. Mercer                  2.214     1.981     3.699   12 11  AtlSun
169. Xavier                  2.211    -0.133    -2.061    9 17  ATen
170. SouthFlorida            1.924    -0.049    -0.488   12 12  CUSA
171. Drexel                  1.830     1.050     0.642   12 12  Colonial
172. St.Bonaventure          1.782    -0.170    -1.518   13 12  ATen
173. Elon                    1.720     1.661     3.266   12 11  BigSouth
174. Monmouth                1.677     1.541     3.053   14 10  Northeast
175. UAB                     1.659    -0.337    -1.224   11 14  CUSA
176. Ohio                    1.648     0.546     2.338   12 12  MAC
177. Hampton                 1.409     1.214     2.262   13 11  MEAC
178. St.FrancisPa.           1.328     1.008     2.685   13 11  Northeast
179. Grambling               1.291     1.346     1.861   13  8  SWAC
180. SanJoseState            1.223     0.072    -0.067   13 10  WAC
181. Fairfield               1.216     0.206    -1.413   11 14  MAAC
182. American                1.146     0.822     1.766   12 12  Patriot
183. SacredHeart             1.102     1.350     2.650   15  9  Northeast
184. MoreheadState           1.083     0.657     1.072   13  7  OVC
185. UCRiverside             1.059     0.313     1.791   12  9  BigWest
186. GeorgeMason             1.004    -0.345    -1.112   14 12  Colonial
187. Yale                    0.956     0.666     1.826   12 11  Ivy
188. IndianaState            0.938    -0.450    -1.338   10 13  MVC
189. Lipscomb                0.883     0.140     1.466    9 12  Independent
190. NorfolkState            0.870     1.729     4.870   13  6  MEAC
191. SaintLouis              0.636    -1.325    -2.057   11 14  CUSA
192. Davidson                0.572    -0.376    -2.011    7 17  Southern
193. OralRoberts             0.487    -0.858    -2.074   10 12  MidCon
194. StonyBrook              0.467    -0.409    -0.797   13 10  AmEast
195. Pittsburgh              0.342    -2.629    -4.768    7 17  BigEast
196. Canisius                0.298    -0.571    -2.208   10 14  MAAC
197. CentralFlorida          0.243    -0.328    -0.343   14 11  AtlSun
198. CalPoly                 0.226    -0.788    -0.685    7 15  BigWest
199. AlcornState             0.202     0.598     1.063   10 10  SWAC
200. EastCarolina            0.195    -1.698    -3.606    4 20  CUSA
201. Pennsylvania            0.059    -0.768    -1.047    9 13  Ivy
202. Wagner                 -0.025     0.162     0.839   11 13  Northeast
203. Detroit                -0.036    -0.893    -0.553   12 12  Horizon
204. TennesseeMartin        -0.082    -1.136    -2.013    6 18  OVC
205. Rider                  -0.084    -0.773    -1.058    7 18  MAAC
206. NewMexicoState         -0.133    -1.673    -1.919   10 15  SunBelt
207. LoyolaIll.             -0.319    -1.062     0.454   13 12  Horizon
208. LoyolaMd.              -0.396    -1.058    -0.968   11 13  MAAC
209. Campbell               -0.437    -0.532     0.316   11 13  AtlSun
210. SouthCarolinaState     -0.444     0.134     0.497   13  9  MEAC
211. IUPUI                  -0.486    -1.559    -1.312    9 14  MidCon
212. FloridaAtlantic        -0.567    -1.242    -2.125   12 11  AtlSun
213. AppalachianState       -0.632    -1.388    -1.814    9 16  Southern
214. UCIrvine               -0.667    -1.491    -0.709    8 16  BigWest
215. MurrayState            -0.744    -1.855    -1.502    7 14  OVC
216. Fordham                -0.786    -2.515    -3.714    5 20  ATen
217. SanDiegoState          -0.790    -2.110    -2.749    9 13  MWC
218. EastTennesseeState     -0.790    -1.336    -1.603   10 15  Southern
219. LongIsland             -0.792    -0.547     1.208   14 10  Northeast
220. SouthernUtah           -0.808    -1.290    -1.329    6 16  MidCon
221. WakeForest             -0.816    -2.524    -4.203   10 15  ACC
222. BethuneCookman         -0.873    -0.141     2.371    9 11  MEAC
223. TexasArlington         -0.876    -0.770     0.075   11 12  Southland
224. Columbia               -0.893    -0.589    -0.161   10 11  Ivy
225. BirminghamSouthern     -0.898    -0.665     2.612   14 10  BigSouth
226. WesternCarolina        -0.959    -1.500    -1.706   13 10  Southern
227. Navy                   -1.036    -1.125     1.087   12 13  Patriot
228. William&Mary           -1.042    -2.103    -0.560    9 14  Colonial
229. Dartmouth              -1.064    -2.083    -2.000    7 15  Ivy
230. SMU                    -1.117    -2.890    -4.448    9 15  WAC
231. Stetson                -1.139    -1.193    -0.244   10 12  AtlSun
232. IllinoisChicago        -1.209    -1.853    -0.784   12 13  Horizon
233. Lehigh                 -1.257    -1.334    -2.101   11 14  Patriot
234. PortlandState          -1.321    -2.421    -1.961   10 15  BigSky
235. Colgate                -1.382    -1.281    -1.825   10 16  Patriot
236. MarylandBaltimoreCo    -1.516    -1.349    -0.453   11 13  Northeast
237. HighPoint              -1.619    -2.199    -1.231   11 14  BigSouth
238. Princeton              -1.630    -1.961    -1.360    8 14  Ivy
239. Hofstra                -1.741    -2.484    -2.068    8 16  Colonial
240. ChicagoState           -1.792    -2.537    -3.122    8 15  MidCon
241. Mt.St.Marys            -1.888    -1.934    -0.525   10 14  Northeast
242. FresnoState            -1.904    -3.096    -1.627    9 15  WAC
243. SouthernMississippi    -1.950    -3.810    -4.715    9 15  CUSA
244. IllinoisState          -2.083    -3.652    -5.653    6 18  MVC
245. Marshall               -2.094    -2.714    -2.177    7 16  MAC
246. Northwestern           -2.221    -5.066    -8.459    4 21  BigTen
247. SWTexasState           -2.226    -2.410    -0.569   11 12  Southland
248. Quinnipiac             -2.230    -2.110    -1.213   10 13  Northeast
249. Buffalo                -2.250    -3.405    -3.378    9 16  MAC
250. CentralMichigan        -2.254    -3.306    -3.328    8 14  MAC
251. YoungstownState        -2.270    -2.826    -1.744   10 14  Horizon
252. Niagara                -2.270    -3.113    -3.335    7 18  MAAC
253. NewOrleans             -2.294    -3.354    -3.569   10 15  SunBelt
254. CoppinState            -2.476    -2.120    -2.342   10 13  MEAC
255. IdahoState             -2.541    -2.938    -2.035    8 14  BigSky
256. TexasSanAntonio        -2.668    -2.940    -1.811   12 11  Southland
257. LouisianaLafayette     -2.679    -4.117    -4.755    6 19  SunBelt
258. JacksonvilleState      -2.688    -2.955    -3.240    7 16  AtlSun
259. BowlingGreen           -2.721    -3.545    -3.464    6 18  MAC
260. TroyState              -2.728    -2.894    -2.905    8 15  AtlSun
261. TexasSouthern          -2.756    -2.651    -0.937    7 13  SWAC
262. UMKC                   -2.811    -3.587    -2.693    7 17  MidCon
263. California             -3.041    -4.676    -5.386    7 18  PacTen
264. Idaho                  -3.181    -3.942    -3.190   10 15  BigWest
265. ArkansasLittleRock     -3.229    -4.636    -5.311    8 17  SunBelt
266. CharlestonSouthern     -3.361    -3.655    -3.907    7 14  BigSouth
267. FairleighDickinson     -3.418    -2.988    -0.494   14 10  Northeast
268. UCLA                   -3.663    -5.719    -7.810    7 18  PacTen
269. Army                   -3.666    -3.894    -2.524    8 16  Patriot
270. ClevelandState         -3.725    -4.496    -3.819   10 13  Horizon
271. Nevada                 -3.948    -5.425    -5.658    9 14  WAC
272. Kansas                 -4.027    -6.201    -9.125    4 22  BigTwelve
273. Albany                 -4.336    -4.540    -4.987    5 18  AmEast
274. SELouisiana            -4.496    -4.641    -2.703    7 15  Southland
275. LouisianaMonroe        -4.619    -4.558    -2.855    8 15  Southland
276. LaSalle                -4.663    -6.144    -6.188    6 19  ATen
277. AlabamaA&M             -4.680    -4.167    -3.188    7 11  SWAC
278. EasternWashington      -4.799    -5.605    -5.680    7 15  BigSky
279. Iona                   -4.878    -5.518    -5.526    6 18  MAAC
280. NichollsState          -4.930    -4.698    -2.912   10 12  Southland
281. Brown                  -5.123    -5.938    -5.715    5 17  Ivy
282. Northeastern           -5.136    -5.969    -7.814    5 20  AmEast
283. CoastalCarolina        -5.263    -5.347    -4.174    6 16  BigSouth
284. BoiseState             -5.307    -6.315    -6.438    8 17  WAC
285. FloridaA&M             -5.978    -5.268    -2.688    8 15  MEAC
286. MarylandEasternShore   -6.000    -5.259    -3.368   10 14  MEAC
287. Radford                -6.201    -6.456    -3.983   11 12  BigSouth
288. AirForce               -6.697    -8.117    -8.906    4 19  MWC
289. Winthrop               -7.170    -6.811    -6.574    5 17  BigSouth
290. DelawareState          -7.310    -6.622    -5.110    7 14  MEAC
291. EasternIllinois        -7.591    -8.415    -8.901    5 18  OVC
292. SouthernIllinois       -7.766    -8.897    -8.310    5 18  MVC
293. TennesseeState         -7.906    -8.524   -10.037    3 20  OVC
294. McNeeseState           -8.318    -8.038    -7.547    5 18  Southland
295. CalStateNorthridge     -8.726   -10.168   -11.106    2 21  BigWest
296. Lamar                  -8.945    -8.752    -7.582    7 17  Southland
297. Butler                 -8.993    -9.940   -10.966    2 24  Horizon
298. WrightState            -9.248    -9.651   -10.282    5 19  Horizon
299. Lafayette              -9.616    -9.476   -10.045    3 22  Patriot
300. St.Johns               -9.817   -11.685   -12.447    3 22  BigEast
301. Centenary             -10.072    -9.695    -9.511    3 18  Independent
302. WashingtonState       -10.291   -12.079   -14.148    2 24  PacTen
303. St.FrancisN.Y.        -10.440    -9.966    -8.099    5 19  Northeast
304. MississippiValley     -10.624   -10.256    -8.796    1 19  SWAC
305. TexasElPaso           -10.817   -11.650   -12.412    3 20  WAC
306. Jacksonville          -11.089   -11.062   -10.887    2 20  AtlSun
307. Samford               -11.255   -11.194   -11.054    3 19  AtlSun
308. SamHoustonState       -11.588   -11.501   -11.825    2 22  Southland
309. Akron                 -11.729   -12.404   -12.667    1 24  MAC
310. ArkansasPineBluff     -11.904   -11.790   -10.685    5 16  SWAC
311. TexasPanAmerican      -12.158   -13.087   -11.369    2 19  Independent
312. CalStateFullerton     -13.175   -14.078   -13.061    3 20  BigWest
313. CentralConnecticut    -13.228   -12.754   -12.149    4 20  Northeast
314. RobertMorris          -13.359   -12.956   -11.799    2 20  Northeast
315. PrairieViewA&M        -13.692   -13.543   -12.763    4 15  SWAC
316. Towson                -13.999   -14.569   -14.806    2 22  Colonial
317. MorganState           -15.051   -14.586   -13.815    1 23  MEAC
318. NorthCarolinaA&T      -15.752   -14.709   -13.683    1 18  MEAC
319. UNCAsheville          -16.629   -16.611   -16.419    1 23  BigSouth
320. MorrisBrown           -18.742   -18.146   -17.769    1 18  Independent
321. CalStateSacramento    -20.653   -21.267   -22.389    0 23  BigSky

Sun Feb 17 21:37:51 PST 2002

Calculations by Curtis Schmelling, made possible by MacPerl and Java!

(C) Copyright 1997-2002, Curtis Schmelling

You are free to copy this document in whole or part provided that proper acknowledgement is given to the author. All Rights Reserved