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Home Team RPIs Conference RPIs n-Rating All Selection Data Archive Schedules Notes on My Calculations Women's RPI Links

NCAA Women's Basketball n-Rating

Games through 10 February 2002


Mean home advantage: 5.4678  SD: 18.1851


N1 = raw expected winning margin
N2 = expected winning margin, adjusted once for opponents' strength


rank team                   n-Rating    N2        N1     W   L conference 


1.   Connecticut            32.321    27.580    21.666   26  0  BigEast
2.   Tennessee              24.436    19.073    11.650   20  2  SEC
3.   LouisianaTech          21.861    18.469    16.161   18  3  WAC
4.   OldDominion            21.453    17.723    14.367   17  5  Colonial
5.   Duke                   20.725    17.572    14.216   21  3  ACC
6.   Vanderbilt             20.050    15.210    10.762   21  5  SEC
7.   Stanford               19.002    15.344    12.902   24  1  PacTen
8.   Oklahoma               18.860    14.935    10.202   20  2  BigTwelve
9.   Purdue                 18.540    14.323    10.247   20  3  BigTen
10.  Colorado               18.105    13.781    10.416   18  7  BigTwelve
11.  TexasTech              16.702    12.556     8.071   14  8  BigTwelve
12.  IowaState              16.605    12.733     9.386   19  5  BigTwelve
13.  Cincinnati             16.551    14.003    12.689   19  4  CUSA
14.  UCSantaBarbara         15.619    12.680    10.291   16  5  BigWest
15.  NotreDame              15.184    11.064     7.050   15  7  BigEast
16.  LSU                    15.113    10.682     6.815   13  8  SEC
17.  Baylor                 14.802    11.392     9.803   19  4  BigTwelve
18.  Georgia                14.678    11.055     7.610   15  8  SEC
19.  SouthCarolina          14.438    11.099     8.231   20  3  SEC
20.  UNLV                   14.411    12.138    10.824   18  4  MWC
21.  TCU                    14.376    11.401     9.075   18  5  CUSA
22.  Southern               13.985    13.923    12.653   16  3  SWAC
23.  VirginiaTech           13.879    10.345     6.060   15  6  BigEast
24.  KansasState            13.701    10.904     7.854   21  4  BigTwelve
25.  Texas                  13.630     9.972     5.878   15  7  BigTwelve
26.  BostonCollege          13.594     9.528     7.383   17  5  BigEast
27.  Minnesota              13.532     9.572     7.476   19  4  BigTen
28.  HolyCross              13.008    10.931    10.078   17  6  Patriot
29.  PennState              12.857     8.733     6.229   16  9  BigTen
30.  FloridaInternational   12.840     9.696     6.850   20  5  SunBelt
31.  Illinois               12.795     9.088     6.682   13  9  BigTen
32.  Wisconsin              12.777     8.955     5.194   16  7  BigTen
33.  NorthCarolina          12.618     9.616     7.410   19  6  ACC
34.  MississippiState       12.556     8.888     6.051   16  8  SEC
35.  Florida                12.467     8.857     4.517   16  7  SEC
36.  Chattanooga            12.112    10.424    10.575   17  6  Southern
37.  SantaClara             12.103     9.794     7.170   17  6  WCC
38.  ColoradoState          12.005     9.088     7.077   19  4  MWC
39.  Iowa                   11.961     8.569     5.416   15  8  BigTen
40.  WisconsinGreenBay      11.801    10.229    10.282   19  5  Horizon
41.  Arkansas               11.730     8.320     4.857   14  9  SEC
42.  Michigan               11.605     7.587     4.706   14  9  BigTen
43.  Syracuse               11.579     7.916     5.559   14  8  BigEast
44.  NewMexico              11.241     8.258     5.887   18  5  MWC
45.  St.Peters              11.144     9.705     9.332   20  4  MAAC
46.  SouthAlabama           11.037     9.687    10.043   17  6  SunBelt
47.  Utah                   11.028     8.453     6.744   10 10  MWC
48.  USC                    10.931     7.521     6.682   13 10  PacTen
49.  Alabama                10.691     7.317     4.870   15  8  SEC
50.  UNCGreensboro          10.611     9.022     7.055   16  6  Southern
51.  Creighton              10.416     8.435     8.702   17  5  MVC
52.  BYU                    10.273     7.743     7.183   15  7  MWC
53.  NorthTexas             10.265     7.352     5.257   14  7  SunBelt
54.  Washington             10.149     7.015     6.264   15  8  PacTen
55.  Drake                  10.069     7.308     6.287   16  6  MVC
56.  WisconsinMilwaukee     10.052     8.125     8.538   17  6  Horizon
57.  Auburn                  9.918     6.890     4.016   14 10  SEC
58.  EasternKentucky         9.803     8.209     7.064   17  5  OVC
59.  Mississippi             9.714     6.979     3.736   11 13  SEC
60.  Clemson                 9.616     6.367     3.760   14  9  ACC
61.  BallState               9.581     7.468     7.872   16  4  MAC
62.  Bradley                 9.386     8.156     8.280   14  7  MVC
63.  St.Josephs              9.341     7.050     6.518   17  6  ATen
64.  WesternKentucky         9.323     6.513     3.909   14  9  SunBelt
65.  Villanova               9.181     6.025     4.533   13  9  BigEast
66.  Temple                  8.942     5.567     3.740   14  9  ATen
67.  Delaware                8.737     7.783     7.654   17  5  Colonial
68.  Toledo                  8.564     6.970     5.021   13  8  MAC
69.  Valparaiso              8.484     6.917     5.412   15  5  MidCon
70.  MichiganState           8.475     4.950     2.690   15  9  BigTen
71.  OregonState             8.440     5.266     2.338   13 12  PacTen
72.  Denver                  8.422     6.198     4.924   11 12  SunBelt
73.  Indiana                 8.391     4.941     1.791   11 13  BigTen
74.  ArizonaState            8.364     5.914     5.163   19  7  PacTen
75.  NorthernIowa            8.333     6.060     4.218   12 11  MVC
76.  MiddleTennessee         8.200     5.985     4.964   14 10  SunBelt
77.  Belmont                 8.196     7.978    10.096   15  4  AtlSun
78.  St.Marys                8.165     5.874     4.648   12 10  WCC
79.  Siena                   8.120     6.846     6.975   19  3  MAAC
80.  Pepperdine              8.018     5.741     3.518   17  6  WCC
81.  Vermont                 7.969     5.874     4.804   14  7  AmEast
82.  TennesseeTech           7.747     5.856     5.123   16  7  OVC
83.  Missouri                7.738     4.533     2.180   14  8  BigTwelve
84.  GeorgeWashington        7.707     4.857     4.173   17  6  ATen
85.  WestVirginia            7.650     5.514     5.292   13  9  BigEast
86.  Houston                 7.650     5.621     5.332   17  6  CUSA
87.  NorthernArizona         7.641     6.247     5.856   12 10  BigSky
88.  Montana                 7.574     5.914     6.953   14  6  BigSky
89.  DePaul                  7.543     3.887     2.147   14  9  CUSA
90.  Pacific                 7.539     5.900     4.995   13  9  BigWest
91.  GeorgiaTech             7.352     4.861     3.283   14  8  ACC
92.  Tulane                  7.286     4.835     3.794   16  9  CUSA
93.  Oregon                  7.033     4.253     2.251   13 11  PacTen
94.  NorthCarolinaState      7.024     3.734     0.779   11 12  ACC
95.  Arizona                 7.024     4.116     1.625   12 12  PacTen
96.  FloridaState            7.001     4.460     3.028   13 11  ACC
97.  Nebraska                6.993     4.451     1.325   13 11  BigTwelve
98.  Rice                    6.984     4.773     5.292   16  6  WAC
99.  RhodeIsland             6.873     4.759     5.146   14  9  ATen
100. Harvard                 6.855     5.723     5.363   15  5  Ivy
101. MiamiFla.               6.833     3.061     2.096   14  8  BigEast
102. NewHampshire            6.815     5.709     5.226   12 10  AmEast
103. Virginia                6.744     3.783     0.473   12 10  ACC
104. AlabamaState            6.673     6.455     8.533   14  6  SWAC
105. Marquette               6.602     3.248     1.601   13  9  CUSA
106. Hawaii                  6.504     4.391     3.911   16  5  WAC
107. KentState               6.464     4.537     3.547   13  9  MAC
108. StephenF.Austin         6.460     6.109     6.930   16  5  Southland
109. Louisville              6.358     3.385     1.927   15  9  CUSA
110. UNCWilmington           6.344     5.381     5.266   12 10  Colonial
111. OklahomaState           6.304     3.325     0.431   11 13  BigTwelve
112. MontanaState            6.282     4.424     4.875   12  9  BigSky
113. Binghamton              6.251     5.656     6.908   16  6  AmEast
114. Wofford                 6.145     5.097     4.442   11 10  Southern
115. Maryland                6.069     3.270     0.644   10 13  ACC
116. Maine                   6.042     4.318     2.937   12  9  AmEast
117. Portland                5.971     4.242     2.113   12 11  WCC
118. EasternMichigan         5.909     4.688     3.487   12  9  MAC
119. Evansville              5.661     3.245     1.660   11 11  MVC
120. AustinPeay              5.638     4.644     4.702   15  8  OVC
121. SanDiego                5.567     3.707     3.938   12 11  WCC
122. SetonHall               5.545     2.351     0.992   12 11  BigEast
123. LoyolaMarymount         5.532     3.530     1.323   13 10  WCC
124. Charlotte               5.492     3.283     2.056   13 10  CUSA
125. Memphis                 5.363     2.204     1.281   11 12  CUSA
126. LongBeachState          5.310     3.951     5.465   12 10  BigWest
127. Furman                  5.266     3.880     2.302   13 10  Southern
128. SanFrancisco            5.252     3.166     1.017   13 10  WCC
129. Tulsa                   5.252     3.254     4.675   15  8  WAC
130. NorthwesternState       5.208     5.372     8.031   15  4  Southland
131. SWMissouriState         5.190     2.992     1.616   12  9  MVC
132. Duquesne                5.070     2.517     2.475   11 12  ATen
133. GeorgiaState            4.999     4.435     4.087   13  7  AtlSun
134. Liberty                 4.950     4.033     5.727   15  7  BigSouth
135. Providence              4.919     1.840    -0.847   10 12  BigEast
136. Richmond                4.719     2.218     0.360   11 14  ATen
137. SEMissouriState         4.595     3.645     3.621    9 11  OVC
138. Rutgers                 4.473     0.848    -1.986    7 15  BigEast
139. Kentucky                4.460     0.602    -2.159    8 15  SEC
140. Massachusetts           4.449     2.420     1.094    7 16  ATen
141. TexasA&MCorpusChristi   4.411     3.638     3.170   11 11  Independent
142. MiamiOhio               4.409     2.300     1.736   13 10  MAC
143. Gonzaga                 4.371     2.779     3.072    8 13  WCC
144. Georgetown              4.158     1.547     1.556   11 11  BigEast
145. Wyoming                 4.138     1.858    -0.103    9 11  MWC
146. WesternMichigan         4.133     2.355     2.266   11 11  MAC
147. JamesMadison            4.076     2.420     2.071   14  7  Colonial
148. Manhattan               3.945     3.228     2.335   13 10  MAAC
149. BostonUniversity        3.823     2.768     1.714   13  9  AmEast
150. GeorgiaSouthern         3.718     2.635     1.485    9 12  Southern
151. OhioState               3.672     0.724    -1.364   11 13  BigTen
152. Howard                  3.627     3.798     4.136   13  8  MEAC
153. NorthernIllinois        3.574     1.900     1.467   13  9  MAC
154. WesternIllinois         3.545     2.622     2.651    8 11  MidCon
155. Dayton                  3.516     0.650    -0.783   10 13  ATen
156. ArkansasState           3.487     1.039    -1.340   10 14  SunBelt
157. TexasA&M                3.434     0.635     0.386   12 11  BigTwelve
158. Mercer                  3.172     2.781     5.181   11  9  AtlSun
159. JacksonState            3.161     3.223     3.849   10  9  SWAC
160. Oakland                 3.030     1.225     0.575   12 10  MidCon
161. WeberState              2.790     1.261     3.137   16  7  BigSky
162. CollegeofCharleston     2.773     2.167     1.350   10 10  Southern
163. Hartford                2.719     1.678     1.014    9 12  AmEast
164. VirginiaCommonwealth    2.628     1.188    -0.316   11 11  Colonial
165. Cornell                 2.586     2.513     2.972   12  9  Ivy
166. Drexel                  2.386     1.418     1.101   12 10  Colonial
167. Monmouth                2.375     2.073     3.849   13  9  Northeast
168. Bucknell                2.369     1.490     2.928   14  8  Patriot
169. Xavier                  2.262    -0.425    -2.492    9 15  ATen
170. Davidson                2.182     0.919    -0.161    7 14  Southern
171. Fairfield               2.178     0.935    -0.769   11 13  MAAC
172. Marist                  2.127     1.174     0.677    9 14  MAAC
173. Hampton                 2.122     1.956     3.083   13 10  MEAC
174. WichitaState            2.102     0.004    -1.304   10 12  MVC
175. St.Bonaventure          2.029    -0.037    -1.526   12 11  ATen
176. SouthFlorida            1.918    -0.121    -0.350   11 11  CUSA
177. EastCarolina            1.700    -0.401    -2.436    4 18  CUSA
178. Elon                    1.660     1.558     3.732   12 10  BigSouth
179. Ohio                    1.603     0.451     1.840   10 12  MAC
180. SanJoseState            1.554     0.071     0.329   11 10  WAC
181. Lipscomb                1.496     0.704     1.341    8 12  Independent
182. Pittsburgh              1.401    -1.810    -3.873    7 15  BigEast
183. Wagner                  1.390     1.423     1.689   10 12  Northeast
184. SacredHeart             1.281     1.416     2.928   14  9  Northeast
185. UAB                     1.245    -0.827    -1.748   10 13  CUSA
186. American                1.161     0.715     1.807   11 11  Patriot
187. GeorgeMason             1.157    -0.521    -2.030   12 12  Colonial
188. UCRiverside             1.117     0.404     2.346   11  8  BigWest
189. OralRoberts             1.108    -0.423    -1.271   10 10  MidCon
190. NorfolkState            1.099     2.169     4.986   11  6  MEAC
191. MoreheadState           1.014     0.420     1.609   13  5  OVC
192. SaintLouis              0.986    -1.020    -1.182   11 12  CUSA
193. Yale                    0.968     0.571     1.976   11 10  Ivy
194. NewMexicoState          0.832    -0.689    -1.173   10 13  SunBelt
195. IndianaState            0.817    -0.769    -1.970    9 13  MVC
196. StonyBrook              0.639    -0.492    -0.982   12  8  AmEast
197. St.FrancisPa.           0.566     0.111     2.076   12 10  Northeast
198. SanDiegoState           0.513    -1.096    -1.588    9 11  MWC
199. Campbell                0.397     0.184     0.613   10 11  AtlSun
200. CalPoly                 0.320    -0.936    -0.421    6 14  BigWest
201. TennesseeMartin         0.266    -0.954    -2.241    6 16  OVC
202. Detroit                 0.158    -0.965    -0.365   11 11  Horizon
203. Rider                   0.144    -0.723    -0.683    7 16  MAAC
204. UCIrvine                0.129    -0.896    -0.379    7 15  BigWest
205. WakeForest              0.031    -2.015    -3.573   10 13  ACC
206. Grambling              -0.021     0.104     0.792   11  8  SWAC
207. AppalachianState       -0.106    -1.078    -1.353    9 14  Southern
208. William&Mary           -0.192    -1.515     0.544    9 12  Colonial
209. SMU                    -0.230    -2.272    -3.702    9 14  WAC
210. EastTennesseeState     -0.245    -0.962    -1.275    9 14  Southern
211. Canisius               -0.268    -1.295    -3.118    9 14  MAAC
212. Columbia               -0.292    -0.059     0.211    9 10  Ivy
213. TexasArlington         -0.370    -0.205     0.870   11 10  Southland
214. MurrayState            -0.403    -1.762    -1.551    7 12  OVC
215. CentralFlorida         -0.423    -1.098    -1.331   13 10  AtlSun
216. Pennsylvania           -0.572    -1.657    -1.779    8 12  Ivy
217. LoyolaIll.             -0.589    -1.520    -0.501   12 11  Horizon
218. Northwestern           -0.654    -3.995    -7.649    4 19  BigTen
219. PortlandState          -0.669    -1.879    -1.606   10 13  BigSky
220. BirminghamSouthern     -0.712    -0.474     2.932   13  9  BigSouth
221. Fordham                -0.740    -2.743    -3.862    5 18  ATen
222. SouthernUtah           -0.818    -1.497    -1.298    6 14  MidCon
223. Stetson                -0.820    -1.053     0.453    8 11  AtlSun
224. Dartmouth              -0.823    -2.103    -2.128    6 14  Ivy
225. IllinoisChicago        -0.831    -1.553    -1.238   11 12  Horizon
226. LoyolaMd.              -0.980    -1.804    -1.371    9 13  MAAC
227. WesternCarolina        -1.029    -1.764    -2.146   12  9  Southern
228. ChicagoState           -1.069    -2.019    -2.365    7 14  MidCon
229. Navy                   -1.160    -1.346     0.741   10 13  Patriot
230. Colgate                -1.200    -1.196    -1.591   10 14  Patriot
231. Hofstra                -1.218    -2.172    -2.496    7 15  Colonial
232. Buffalo                -1.222    -2.565    -2.510    9 14  MAC
233. Lehigh                 -1.295    -1.409    -1.773   11 12  Patriot
234. HighPoint              -1.313    -2.026    -0.989   11 12  BigSouth
235. AlcornState            -1.324    -0.831    -0.168    9  9  SWAC
236. SouthernMississippi    -1.329    -3.284    -4.217    9 14  CUSA
237. UMKC                   -1.395    -2.237    -1.451    7 15  MidCon
238. Princeton              -1.466    -1.908    -1.087    8 12  Ivy
239. FresnoState            -1.679    -3.151    -2.261    8 14  WAC
240. Niagara                -1.708    -2.678    -3.242    6 17  MAAC
241. MarylandBaltimoreCo    -1.711    -1.639    -0.876   10 12  Northeast
242. BethuneCookman         -1.784    -0.814     1.474    7 11  MEAC
243. SouthCarolinaState     -1.795    -1.058    -0.470   11  9  MEAC
244. IUPUI                  -1.861    -3.109    -2.956    7 14  MidCon
245. LongIsland             -1.955    -1.673    -0.137   12 10  Northeast
246. BowlingGreen           -1.972    -2.809    -2.825    6 16  MAC
247. CentralMichigan        -2.079    -3.271    -2.929    8 12  MAC
248. CoppinState            -2.154    -1.750    -1.702   10 12  MEAC
249. Mt.St.Marys            -2.186    -2.285    -0.796    9 13  Northeast
250. California             -2.194    -4.181    -5.384    6 17  PacTen
251. FloridaAtlantic        -2.208    -3.089    -3.664   10 10  AtlSun
252. YoungstownState        -2.217    -2.931    -1.247   10 12  Horizon
253. IllinoisState          -2.332    -4.128    -6.508    6 16  MVC
254. TroyState              -2.385    -2.632    -2.783    7 13  AtlSun
255. LouisianaLafayette     -2.479    -3.753    -4.954    6 17  SunBelt
256. SWTexasState           -2.650    -2.789    -0.350   10 12  Southland
257. Quinnipiac             -2.714    -2.650    -1.704    9 13  Northeast
258. TexasSouthern          -2.723    -2.550    -0.887    6 12  SWAC
259. FairleighDickinson     -2.911    -2.490    -0.316   13  9  Northeast
260. Kansas                 -2.956    -5.389    -8.461    4 20  BigTwelve
261. NewOrleans             -2.965    -4.072    -3.839    9 14  SunBelt
262. IdahoState             -3.062    -3.564    -1.788    8 12  BigSky
263. Albany                 -3.105    -3.415    -3.686    5 15  AmEast
264. UCLA                   -3.176    -5.691    -7.653    7 16  PacTen
265. CharlestonSouthern     -3.224    -3.611    -3.624    7 12  BigSouth
266. Marshall               -3.553    -4.139    -3.753    5 16  MAC
267. Idaho                  -3.573    -4.448    -4.001    9 14  BigWest
268. ArkansasLittleRock     -3.593    -4.927    -6.028    6 17  SunBelt
269. LouisianaMonroe        -3.995    -3.846    -1.919    8 13  Southland
270. Army                   -4.088    -4.390    -2.898    7 15  Patriot
271. Northeastern           -4.095    -5.247    -7.089    5 17  AmEast
272. TexasSanAntonio        -4.181    -4.430    -3.329   10 11  Southland
273. Nevada                 -4.221    -6.001    -7.085    8 13  WAC
274. AlabamaA&M             -4.281    -3.691    -2.261    7 10  SWAC
275. JacksonvilleState      -4.350    -4.670    -4.741    5 16  AtlSun
276. ClevelandState         -4.559    -5.531    -3.886    9 12  Horizon
277. Iona                   -4.727    -5.411    -5.486    6 16  MAAC
278. Brown                  -4.940    -5.882    -5.473    5 15  Ivy
279. EasternWashington      -5.100    -6.041    -6.166    6 15  BigSky
280. CoastalCarolina        -5.122    -5.265    -4.510    5 15  BigSouth
281. BoiseState             -5.620    -6.907    -7.489    6 17  WAC
282. NichollsState          -5.686    -5.313    -3.664    8 12  Southland
283. LaSalle                -5.851    -7.609    -7.720    4 19  ATen
284. SELouisiana            -6.139    -6.117    -4.485    6 14  Southland
285. MarylandEasternShore   -6.445    -5.518    -3.817    9 13  MEAC
286. FloridaA&M             -6.552    -5.637    -2.339    8 13  MEAC
287. Radford                -6.676    -7.054    -4.834    9 12  BigSouth
288. AirForce               -6.947    -8.727    -9.154    4 17  MWC
289. TennesseeState         -7.427    -8.208    -9.456    3 18  OVC
290. EasternIllinois        -7.897    -8.927    -9.749    3 18  OVC
291. McNeeseState           -8.510    -8.168    -7.484    5 17  Southland
292. SouthernIllinois       -8.572    -9.908    -9.429    4 17  MVC
293. DelawareState          -8.656    -7.800    -6.445    6 13  MEAC
294. Winthrop               -8.759    -8.395    -8.173    3 17  BigSouth
295. CalStateNorthridge     -8.865   -10.681   -11.551    2 19  BigWest
296. Centenary              -9.007    -8.754    -8.341    3 16  Independent
297. Butler                 -9.069   -10.193   -11.267    1 23  Horizon
298. WrightState            -9.225    -9.713   -10.503    4 18  Horizon
299. St.Johns               -9.296   -11.374   -11.915    3 20  BigEast
300. Lafayette              -9.305    -9.189    -9.926    3 20  Patriot
301. Lamar                  -9.713    -9.393    -8.013    6 16  Southland
302. TexasElPaso            -9.829   -10.859   -11.738    3 18  WAC
303. MississippiValley     -10.326    -9.749    -7.205    1 16  SWAC
304. WashingtonState       -10.379   -12.555   -14.668    2 22  PacTen
305. ArkansasPineBluff     -11.009   -10.814   -10.423    4 15  SWAC
306. Jacksonville          -11.249   -11.249   -11.729    1 18  AtlSun
307. Samford               -11.374   -11.311   -11.320    2 18  AtlSun
308. St.FrancisN.Y.        -11.436   -10.947    -8.803    4 18  Northeast
309. Akron                 -12.004   -12.661   -12.688    1 22  MAC
310. SamHoustonState       -12.279   -12.146   -11.906    2 20  Southland
311. CalStateFullerton     -12.483   -13.558   -12.705    3 19  BigWest
312. TexasPanAmerican      -12.528   -13.647   -11.782    2 18  Independent
313. CentralConnecticut    -13.363   -12.945   -12.279    4 18  Northeast
314. RobertMorris          -14.606   -14.215   -12.359    2 18  Northeast
315. Towson                -14.606   -15.343   -16.044    1 21  Colonial
316. MorganState           -14.712   -14.144   -13.593    1 21  MEAC
317. PrairieViewA&M        -15.174   -14.908   -14.703    3 14  SWAC
318. UNCAsheville          -16.435   -16.470   -16.568    1 21  BigSouth
319. NorthCarolinaA&T      -17.474   -16.097   -14.437    1 16  MEAC
320. MorrisBrown           -18.735   -17.829   -17.349    1 17  Independent
321. CalStateSacramento    -20.333   -20.954   -22.073    0 22  BigSky

Sun Feb 10 23:19:22 PST 2002

Calculations by Curtis Schmelling, made possible by MacPerl and Java!

(C) Copyright 1997-2002, Curtis Schmelling

You are free to copy this document in whole or part provided that proper acknowledgement is given to the author. All Rights Reserved