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Home Team RPIs Conference RPIs n-Rating All Selection Data Archive Schedules Notes on My Calculations Women's RPI Links

NCAA Women's Basketball n-Rating

Games through 9 December 2001


Mean home advantage: 7.5231  SD: 19.4802


N1 = raw expected winning margin
N2 = expected winning margin, adjusted once for opponents' strength


rank team                   n-Rating    N2        N1     W   L conference 


1.   Tennessee              32.131    21.268    19.024    6  0  SEC
2.   Connecticut            31.256    24.483    20.108   10  0  BigEast
3.   Duke                   30.171    22.334    19.299    7  2  ACC
4.   Stanford               23.761    16.902    13.345    8  0  PacTen
5.   Vanderbilt             23.228    16.712    13.944   10  1  SEC
6.   Purdue                 21.991    16.446    14.116    7  1  BigTen
7.   Georgia                21.611    18.814    15.219    6  0  SEC
8.   Michigan               21.573    13.022    12.318    7  1  BigTen
9.   NorthCarolina          21.116    15.628    13.469    9  1  ACC
10.  Oklahoma               21.078    16.104    14.192    9  0  BigTwelve
11.  LouisianaTech          20.374    11.661     0.290    2  3  WAC
12.  UNLV                   19.956    15.923    16.731    6  1  MWC
13.  Syracuse               19.280    14.572    10.910    5  3  BigEast
14.  Colorado               18.805    14.905    12.499    8  2  BigTwelve
15.  IowaState              18.472    14.201    13.783    6  0  BigTwelve
16.  Bradley                18.462    16.570    17.987    8  0  MVC
17.  TexasTech              18.434    11.386     7.296    4  2  BigTwelve
18.  OldDominion            18.225    13.317     9.303    3  3  Colonial
19.  FloridaState           18.120    15.076    16.731    8  1  ACC
20.  VirginiaTech           18.053    12.432    10.939    5  2  BigEast
21.  UCIrvine               17.882    14.201    12.375    1  5  BigWest
22.  Baylor                 17.416    13.583    15.257    9  0  BigTwelve
23.  Illinois               17.397    12.946    12.993    5  2  BigTen
24.  TCU                    17.007    13.269    11.766    5  2  CUSA
25.  Arkansas               16.855    12.546    12.470    6  2  SEC
26.  Auburn                 16.779    13.811    12.480    9  0  SEC
27.  ColoradoState          16.389    10.358     7.686    6  1  MWC
28.  Florida                16.322    12.432     9.455    6  3  SEC
29.  USC                    16.037     9.255     6.211    3  5  PacTen
30.  Vermont                16.037    13.022     8.542    5  2  AmEast
31.  Wisconsin              15.942     9.631     8.713    7  1  BigTen
32.  WisconsinGreenBay      15.656    12.831     6.582    4  3  Horizon
33.  Mississippi            15.552    12.508    10.320    5  3  SEC
34.  KansasState            15.333    11.757    11.091    8  1  BigTwelve
35.  Toledo                 15.305    10.568     6.701    3  4  MAC
36.  SantaClara             15.029    12.261     6.839    5  2  WCC
37.  Nebraska               14.810    13.431    10.967    8  1  BigTwelve
38.  BostonCollege          14.800     9.659     6.145    4  2  BigEast
39.  LongBeachState         14.734    13.326    11.490    0  4  BigWest
40.  Rutgers                14.648    10.368     6.582    4  3  BigEast
41.  Missouri               14.534    10.796     9.165    7  1  BigTwelve
42.  Iowa                   14.515     9.921     7.881    6  2  BigTen
43.  Washington             13.925     9.003     5.940    5  4  PacTen
44.  Alabama                13.868    11.585    10.235    5  3  SEC
45.  Creighton              13.840    11.053    12.042    4  3  MVC
46.  PennState              13.754    10.663     8.518    5  3  BigTen
47.  St.Peters              13.602    10.225    12.023    6  1  MAAC
48.  Indiana                13.602     7.900     6.711    5  3  BigTen
49.  Cincinnati             13.592    10.824    12.841    4  1  CUSA
50.  Minnesota              13.564     8.903     8.989    8  1  BigTen
51.  LSU                    13.516     9.012     6.283    4  2  SEC
52.  UCSantaBarbara         13.459     6.948     4.383    3  3  BigWest
53.  SouthCarolina          13.459     9.017     6.316    8  1  SEC
54.  SWMissouriState        13.326     9.940     4.742    3  3  MVC
55.  Montana                13.088     9.731     9.750    3  1  BigSky
56.  SouthAlabama           12.613    11.471    14.154    7  2  SunBelt
57.  NotreDame              12.603     6.397     2.497    3  4  BigEast
58.  Evansville             12.584     5.569     3.277    4  3  MVC
59.  NorthCarolinaState     12.575     6.715     3.144    6  2  ACC
60.  Texas                  12.546     8.294     3.679    6  1  BigTwelve
61.  Southern               12.508    12.527     7.614    4  3  SWAC
62.  WestVirginia           12.346    10.406     7.771    5  3  BigEast
63.  Utah                   12.308     5.612     7.757    3  3  MWC
64.  MississippiState       11.604     8.142     7.414    5  2  SEC
65.  Clemson                11.576     7.067     2.930    4  3  ACC
66.  Belmont                11.557     7.938    16.427    6  0  AtlSun
67.  Tulane                 11.547     7.500     4.956    7  1  CUSA
68.  GeorgiaState           11.471    10.796     8.271    3  2  AtlSun
69.  Chattanooga            11.443     7.229     8.156    4  2  Southern
70.  Drake                  11.395     7.495     3.919    3  2  MVC
71.  Massachusetts          11.053     6.734     5.455    1  7  ATen
72.  NorthernIowa           11.053     8.789     5.170    5  4  MVC
73.  GeorgiaTech            10.996     8.632     7.153    5  3  ACC
74.  Gonzaga                10.225     7.267     8.860    3  4  WCC
75.  TennesseeTech          10.159     6.711     2.090    5  3  OVC
76.  Duquesne               10.130     6.682     7.457    3  5  ATen
77.  MiddleTennessee        10.111     6.677     6.278    4  3  SunBelt
78.  Louisville              9.678     4.150     3.396    3  2  CUSA
79.  Villanova               9.407     6.720     6.944    4  2  BigEast
80.  NorthTexas              9.374     3.938     0.637    4  4  SunBelt
81.  NewMexico               9.360     5.046     3.191    6  3  MWC
82.  Dartmouth               9.284     5.802     3.041    3  2  Ivy
83.  Maryland                9.279     4.699     4.192    5  3  ACC
84.  Providence              9.198     6.820     4.356    6  3  BigEast
85.  SEMissouriState         9.131     8.380     7.063    5  3  OVC
86.  Oregon                  9.070     5.117     2.181    5  3  PacTen
87.  Pacific                 9.008     5.631     7.357    3  3  BigWest
88.  EasternMichigan         8.884     7.581     8.018    5  1  MAC
89.  BallState               8.856     3.952     7.191    4  2  MAC
90.  Virginia                8.832     3.672     0.399    5  3  ACC
91.  Pepperdine              8.794     4.202    -1.576    3  4  WCC
92.  FloridaInternational    8.718     3.669     1.598    6  2  SunBelt
93.  Xavier                  8.713     6.116     3.312    4  4  ATen
94.  SouthFlorida            8.675     6.834     6.849    6  1  CUSA
95.  DePaul                  8.661     4.903     2.972    6  3  CUSA
96.  HolyCross               8.632     3.978     0.564    5  3  Patriot
97.  St.Marys                8.466     5.550     3.056    4  2  WCC
98.  WesternKentucky         8.256     1.948    -2.688    4  4  SunBelt
99.  Rice                    8.252     4.918     4.532    5  2  WAC
100. Wofford                 8.114     5.645     5.992    4  2  Southern
101. Portland                7.995     4.014     5.060    6  1  WCC
102. RhodeIsland             7.657     5.688     8.984    6  1  ATen
103. St.Josephs              7.391     3.429     1.462    5  2  ATen
104. Denver                  7.224     5.108     4.009    2  6  SunBelt
105. BostonUniversity        7.215     6.197     7.429    6  2  AmEast
106. Hawaii                  7.148     4.611    -0.358    5  2  WAC
107. UNCWilmington           7.067     4.437     6.335    3  3  Colonial
108. NorfolkState            7.039     6.373    14.724    4  1  MEAC
109. SanFrancisco            6.991     0.847    -1.062    3  3  WCC
110. OregonState             6.977     2.552    -3.647    3  5  PacTen
111. Kentucky                6.958     1.398     1.258    3  4  SEC
112. Houston                 6.782     5.683    10.482    6  1  CUSA
113. BYU                     6.777     3.246     5.983    3  4  MWC
114. ArizonaState            6.725     4.195     2.918    7  2  PacTen
115. MiamiOhio               6.711     1.429     2.887    4  3  MAC
116. PortlandState           6.639     2.711     4.549    4  4  BigSky
117. MiamiFla.               6.511     2.568     3.415    5  2  BigEast
118. Charlotte               6.401     4.040     4.097    5  3  CUSA
119. TexasA&M                6.192     5.170     9.160    6  2  BigTwelve
120. GeorgeMason             6.097     4.188     0.540    4  3  Colonial
121. Memphis                 6.016     2.145     0.100    4  5  CUSA
122. WisconsinMilwaukee      5.954     1.234     0.999    4  4  Horizon
123. Delaware                5.926     6.249     8.580    4  2  Colonial
124. SetonHall               5.721     2.311     5.189    6  2  BigEast
125. Temple                  5.674     0.559    -3.547    2  4  ATen
126. WesternIllinois         5.660     3.881     3.505    3  4  MidCon
127. TexasA&MCorpusChristi   5.621     4.409     3.897    6  3  Independent
128. Richmond                5.536     1.610    -2.990    3  6  ATen
129. LoyolaMarymount         5.517     1.850     2.421    6  2  WCC
130. EasternKentucky         5.488     3.049     2.143    4  3  OVC
131. William&Mary            5.441    -0.080     3.267    3  2  Colonial
132. NorthernIllinois        5.388     1.588     2.861    5  1  MAC
133. NewHampshire            5.346     3.712     3.089    3  5  AmEast
134. MontanaState            5.317     3.417     1.667    3  4  BigSky
135. Mercer                  5.303     3.293     8.989    4  3  AtlSun
136. Marshall                5.231     5.132     6.920    2  3  MAC
137. Georgetown              5.051     3.027     4.216    5  2  BigEast
138. NorthernArizona         5.046     3.591     4.423    5  2  BigSky
139. CollegeofCharleston     4.989     3.441     4.956    3  2  Southern
140. Maine                   4.946     1.669    -0.087    5  3  AmEast
141. Navy                    4.637     3.855     6.834    4  3  Patriot
142. MichiganState           4.452     1.056     3.619    7  1  BigTen
143. Siena                   4.437     0.326     2.095    4  3  MAAC
144. OklahomaState           4.425     0.640     2.861    4  3  BigTwelve
145. WichitaState            4.299     0.547    -0.491    4  2  MVC
146. ArkansasState           4.290     2.518    -0.234    5  5  SunBelt
147. EastCarolina            4.145     1.817     0.637    1  7  CUSA
148. Valparaiso              4.145    -0.311    -4.018    2  3  MidCon
149. UNCGreensboro           3.790     1.607     0.592    4  3  Southern
150. AppalachianState        3.714     2.516     4.894    3  5  Southern
151. Davidson                3.655     0.740    -0.510    4  3  Southern
152. NewMexicoState          3.636     1.577    -0.406    3  4  SunBelt
153. SanJoseState            3.631     1.137     5.293    4  3  WAC
154. MoreheadState           3.600     2.575     4.416    5  1  OVC
155. Elon                    3.560     3.072     3.317    2  4  BigSouth
156. Wyoming                 3.543     0.625     5.098    3  3  MWC
157. IdahoState              3.296     2.644     2.873    3  3  BigSky
158. Arizona                 3.227    -2.218    -2.655    4  3  PacTen
159. CentralMichigan         3.205     1.460     4.858    4  2  MAC
160. GeorgeWashington        3.125    -1.257    -4.598    3  4  ATen
161. Detroit                 3.096    -0.037    -2.503    4  2  Horizon
162. Marquette               3.053    -0.964    -5.982    2  5  CUSA
163. WesternMichigan         2.868    -0.047     0.973    2  6  MAC
164. SanDiego                2.858     1.096     0.804    5  3  WCC
165. Marist                  2.844     2.078     0.404    4  3  MAAC
166. Furman                  2.837     0.095    -2.853    4  3  Southern
167. Oakland                 2.830     1.745    -0.232    2  4  MidCon
168. AustinPeay              2.818     2.651    -0.746    3  3  OVC
169. Columbia                2.794     3.741     3.869    3  4  Ivy
170. KentState               2.720     1.491    -3.114    2  5  MAC
171. California              2.718     0.062    -0.784    4  3  PacTen
172. SacredHeart             2.590     2.920     4.635    3  2  Northeast
173. JamesMadison            2.578     0.231    -2.320    4  2  Colonial
174. Drexel                  2.568     1.962     6.701    6  1  Colonial
175. Lipscomb                2.523     1.581     2.825    3  7  Independent
176. CoastalCarolina         2.513     0.747     1.189    1  3  BigSouth
177. ChicagoState            2.466     1.800     1.220    3  3  MidCon
178. WashingtonState         2.456     0.219    -4.201    3  6  PacTen
179. LoyolaIll.              2.128     1.253     2.271    4  2  Horizon
180. FresnoState             2.109     0.471     2.071    5  2  WAC
181. CalPoly                 2.081     0.195    -0.720    1  5  BigWest
182. LouisianaLafayette      1.938    -0.717    -1.557    1  5  SunBelt
183. American                1.881     0.150     2.875    5  3  Patriot
184. Nevada                  1.869    -1.901    -3.756    3  4  WAC
185. BethuneCookman          1.724     0.818     1.983    2  4  MEAC
186. Idaho                   1.667     0.490     1.665    3  4  BigWest
187. Hartford                1.622    -0.791     1.638    2  5  AmEast
188. Hampton                 1.617    -1.640     0.357    4  4  MEAC
189. Harvard                 1.596    -0.256     0.071    3  4  Ivy
190. Yale                    1.577     2.445     2.461    4  3  Ivy
191. Monmouth                1.560     1.869     0.335    4  4  Northeast
192. StephenF.Austin         1.524    -2.282    -3.642    2  4  Southland
193. Manhattan               1.398    -1.005     1.536    3  2  MAAC
194. Mt.St.Marys             1.339    -0.539     2.896    3  3  Northeast
195. MarylandBaltimoreCo     1.313     1.322     0.559    3  3  Northeast
196. OhioState               1.291    -0.667    -1.647    2  4  BigTen
197. UAB                     1.218    -1.628     1.341    4  4  CUSA
198. Fordham                 1.008     0.145    -0.477    2  5  ATen
199. St.Bonaventure          0.999    -0.767    -0.815    4  3  ATen
200. IllinoisChicago         0.989    -0.686     1.631    5  2  Horizon
201. WeberState              0.887    -1.195    -0.876    4  4  BigSky
202. Tulsa                   0.854    -0.551    -2.180    3  4  WAC
203. WesternCarolina         0.754    -1.488     3.010    6  2  Southern
204. Pittsburgh              0.716    -1.621    -3.093    3  5  BigEast
205. Dayton                  0.699    -1.697    -8.198    1  6  ATen
206. SaintLouis              0.566    -1.595     0.212    4  3  CUSA
207. AlabamaState            0.504    -1.335    -2.922    2  3  SWAC
208. Hofstra                 0.331    -0.734     1.555    4  5  Colonial
209. Liberty                 0.290    -1.692    -0.876    3  4  BigSouth
210. MurrayState             0.081    -2.470    -0.582    3  4  OVC
211. SMU                     5.0E-    -3.235    -7.941    4  4  WAC
212. JacksonState           -0.116    -1.326     2.445    2  3  SWAC
213. SouthernUtah           -0.130    -0.651    -2.365    2  5  MidCon
214. Quinnipiac             -0.244    -0.860     0.804    5  3  Northeast
215. Binghamton             -0.308     0.604     1.127    6  3  AmEast
216. EastTennesseeState     -0.377    -1.856     1.439    4  3  Southern
217. Cornell                -0.513    -0.739     1.807    4  5  Ivy
218. SouthernIllinois       -0.613    -3.583    -0.784    4  3  MVC
219. Ohio                   -0.674    -1.685     2.932    3  4  MAC
220. LongIsland             -0.796    -1.371     1.534    4  2  Northeast
221. IndianaState           -0.957    -4.912    -1.438    3  4  MVC
222. CharlestonSouthern     -1.000    -4.263    -5.487    1  3  BigSouth
223. HighPoint              -1.297    -3.825    -6.415    3  6  BigSouth
224. TexasArlington         -1.371    -3.459    -8.203    1  4  Southland
225. NorthwesternState      -1.421    -2.943    -2.458    2  3  Southland
226. Pennsylvania           -1.511    -4.798    -4.034    2  6  Ivy
227. WakeForest             -1.583    -2.220    -5.868    3  4  ACC
228. Bucknell               -1.775    -1.963    -1.889    3  4  Patriot
229. Northwestern           -1.894    -3.828    -7.851    2  7  BigTen
230. AlcornState            -1.930    -0.936    -4.572    1  3  SWAC
231. SWTexasState           -1.942    -5.031    -1.792    2  4  Southland
232. StonyBrook             -1.982    -3.409    -4.260    4  4  AmEast
233. BowlingGreen           -2.049    -3.466    -4.072    1  6  MAC
234. LoyolaMd.              -2.075    -2.296     1.377    4  3  MAAC
235. St.FrancisPa.          -2.175    -2.853     0.095    3  4  Northeast
236. IUPUI                  -2.489    -3.126    -3.697    2  6  MidCon
237. Lehigh                 -2.600    -1.597    -3.587    4  4  Patriot
238. UCRiverside            -2.681    -4.432    -6.510    0  6  BigWest
239. Canisius               -2.688    -2.867    -3.178    4  4  MAAC
240. YoungstownState        -2.769    -4.412    -1.568    2  4  Horizon
241. SanDiegoState          -2.850    -3.747    -2.562    3  3  MWC
242. GeorgiaSouthern        -2.983    -4.795    -5.116    2  5  Southern
243. MarylandEasternShore   -2.983    -2.415     0.235    3  3  MEAC
244. Howard                 -3.009    -3.019    -3.086    3  6  MEAC
245. Fairfield              -3.074    -5.525    -8.935    2  6  MAAC
246. BoiseState             -3.131    -4.691    -7.166    2  5  WAC
247. Albany                 -3.150    -2.394    -4.251    2  4  AmEast
248. Campbell               -3.207    -1.290    -8.222    1  5  AtlSun
249. ArkansasLittleRock     -3.254    -3.709    -2.210    3  5  SunBelt
250. UMKC                   -3.654    -4.774    -4.641    2  5  MidCon
251. FairleighDickinson     -3.742    -3.718     0.297    4  3  Northeast
252. Stetson                -3.768    -4.044    -4.194    1  5  AtlSun
253. CoppinState            -3.778    -2.729    -6.215    3  5  MEAC
254. TroyState              -3.866    -5.197    -2.765    3  2  AtlSun
255. UCLA                   -4.153    -5.659    -7.708    3  4  PacTen
256. Kansas                 -4.184    -5.806    -6.729    2  6  BigTwelve
257. CentralFlorida         -4.234    -5.387    -2.191    5  3  AtlSun
258. Butler                 -4.439    -6.752    -9.796    1  7  Horizon
259. Rider                  -4.560    -3.690    -2.482    1  6  MAAC
260. Grambling              -4.710    -6.049    -4.412    2  5  SWAC
261. LaSalle                -4.764    -5.031    -5.730    1  6  ATen
262. CalStateNorthridge     -4.860    -8.840   -12.545    0  5  BigWest
263. NichollsState          -5.074    -4.424    -5.620    2  2  Southland
264. OralRoberts            -5.107    -7.751   -10.671    3  4  MidCon
265. Radford                -5.173    -5.330    -5.012    3  4  BigSouth
266. ClevelandState         -5.221    -7.295    -6.443    3  3  Horizon
267. Wagner                 -5.535    -5.644    -8.227    2  5  Northeast
268. FloridaA&M             -5.554    -5.834    -7.038    1  4  MEAC
269. Princeton              -5.711    -5.606    -2.054    4  3  Ivy
270. Army                   -5.863    -6.381    -6.049    1  7  Patriot
271. VirginiaCommonwealth   -5.901    -7.946    -7.994    2  5  Colonial
272. IllinoisState          -6.153    -8.503   -12.888    0  7  MVC
273. St.Johns               -6.291    -7.589    -6.809    3  5  BigEast
274. JacksonvilleState      -7.028    -5.958    -5.601    1  5  AtlSun
275. SouthCarolinaState     -7.081    -6.776    -0.432    3  4  MEAC
276. TennesseeMartin        -7.147   -10.015   -11.613    0  7  OVC
277. Brown                  -7.152    -7.404    -6.914    3  4  Ivy
278. EasternWashington      -7.199    -8.664    -8.802    2  6  BigSky
279. TexasSouthern          -7.237    -6.900    -3.637    2  4  SWAC
280. TexasSanAntonio        -7.247   -10.272    -7.052    2  4  Southland
281. Colgate                -7.399    -7.337    -8.997    1  5  Patriot
282. Buffalo                -7.585    -7.951    -7.623    2  5  MAC
283. SouthernMississippi    -7.937    -7.523    -5.406    3  4  CUSA
284. Lafayette              -8.060    -5.592    -6.258    1  6  Patriot
285. SELouisiana            -8.136    -7.818   -10.595    0  6  Southland
286. LouisianaMonroe        -8.312    -8.036   -10.024    1  5  Southland
287. Northeastern           -8.336    -9.554    -8.436    1  5  AmEast
288. DelawareState          -8.679    -6.686    -7.518    2  6  MEAC
289. AirForce               -9.049   -10.253    -9.420    1  7  MWC
290. NewOrleans             -9.088    -8.198    -4.315    3  6  SunBelt
291. MorganState            -9.121    -9.268    -9.149    1  6  MEAC
292. Iona                   -9.454   -10.605   -12.773    0  8  MAAC
293. CalStateFullerton      -9.530    -9.967   -11.584    1  5  BigWest
294. Niagara                -9.563    -8.745    -7.841    0  7  MAAC
295. WrightState            -9.749    -9.145   -13.116    0  7  Horizon
296. TennesseeState         -9.996    -9.901   -14.866    1  4  OVC
297. FloridaAtlantic        -9.996   -10.443    -9.501    2  4  AtlSun
298. ArkansasPineBluff     -10.215   -12.222    -5.815    1  2  SWAC
299. BirminghamSouthern    -10.890    -9.967    -7.880    2  4  BigSouth
300. Towson                -11.033   -10.148   -14.799    1  6  Colonial
301. EasternIllinois       -11.080   -10.947   -14.134    0  8  OVC
302. Jacksonville          -11.575   -10.586   -15.855    0  6  AtlSun
303. Centenary             -11.622    -8.251    -7.299    1  5  Independent
304. CentralConnecticut    -14.267   -14.134   -14.324    1  6  Northeast
305. Winthrop              -15.304   -14.999   -20.107    0  5  BigSouth
306. Akron                 -15.722   -16.045   -16.654    1  6  MAC
307. Lamar                 -16.578   -14.837   -10.319    2  4  Southland
308. TexasPanAmerican      -16.711   -16.578   -14.390    1  8  Independent
309. McNeeseState          -16.711   -18.214   -21.134    0  6  Southland
310. St.FrancisN.Y.        -16.863   -15.912   -13.763    1  4  Northeast
311. Samford               -17.662   -16.968   -14.419    1  5  AtlSun
312. TexasElPaso           -17.729   -17.767   -16.017    1  6  WAC
313. SamHoustonState       -17.758   -18.918   -21.172    0  7  Southland
314. UNCAsheville          -18.404   -17.291   -22.447    0  6  BigSouth
315. MississippiValley     -20.735   -17.805   -15.075    0  3  SWAC
316. MorrisBrown           -21.229   -16.787   -16.949    1  5  Independent
317. AlabamaA&M            -21.305   -18.604   -25.338    0  4  SWAC
318. RobertMorris          -23.664   -21.895   -23.798    0  4  Northeast
319. NorthCarolinaA&T      -31.084   -28.059   -21.458    0  5  MEAC
320. PrairieViewA&M        -31.787   -29.980   -31.730    0  3  SWAC
321. CalStateSacramento    -32.663   -32.586   -36.905    0  7  BigSky

Mon Dec 10 19:16:06 CST 2001

Calculations by Curtis Schmelling, made possible by MacPerl and Java!

(C) Copyright 1997-2001, Curtis Schmelling

You are free to copy this document in whole or part provided that proper acknowledgement is given to the author. All Rights Reserved