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Home Team RPIs Conference RPIs n-Rating All Selection Data Archive Schedules Notes on My Calculations Women's RPI Links

NCAA Women's Basketball n-Rating

Games through 6 December 2001


Mean home advantage: 7.7699  SD: 19.7320


N1 = raw expected winning margin
N2 = expected winning margin, adjusted once for opponents' strength


rank team                   n-Rating    N2        N1     W   L conference 


1.   Tennessee              32.199    22.237    19.308    6  0  SEC
2.   Connecticut            30.793    26.168    21.351    9  0  BigEast
3.   Duke                   28.808    20.927    18.268    6  2  ACC
4.   Stanford               23.046    15.897    13.566    8  0  PacTen
5.   Vanderbilt             22.622    16.581    13.951    9  1  SEC
6.   Oklahoma               22.044    17.420    15.040    8  0  BigTwelve
7.   Georgia                22.044    18.287    15.445    6  0  SEC
8.   NorthCarolina          21.697    16.736    13.884    8  1  ACC
9.   Purdue                 21.293    15.994    13.672    6  1  BigTen
10.  Michigan               20.695    12.015    12.092    5  1  BigTen
11.  LouisianaTech          20.387    12.737     3.517    2  2  WAC
12.  IowaState              19.616    15.425    13.277    5  0  BigTwelve
13.  TexasTech              18.855    11.986     7.395    4  2  BigTwelve
14.  OldDominion            18.489    13.739     9.413    3  3  Colonial
15.  Arkansas               18.364    12.959    14.838    5  1  SEC
16.  TCU                    18.123    14.288    14.317    4  2  CUSA
17.  UNLV                   18.065    14.105    15.040    5  1  MWC
18.  GeorgiaState           17.882    18.691    11.041    1  2  AtlSun
19.  Colorado               17.661    12.785    11.147    7  2  BigTwelve
20.  FloridaState           17.169    13.720    14.809    6  1  ACC
21.  Baylor                 16.948    12.824    15.107    7  0  BigTwelve
22.  Syracuse               16.842    12.487     9.206    4  3  BigEast
23.  Bradley                16.822    14.934    16.475    7  0  MVC
24.  USC                    16.755    10.560     7.915    3  4  PacTen
25.  ColoradoState          16.610    11.041     8.002    6  0  MWC
26.  VirginiaTech           16.543    11.359     9.100    4  2  BigEast
27.  WisconsinGreenBay      16.350    13.990     7.197    4  2  Horizon
28.  Iowa                   16.109     9.813     6.605    4  2  BigTen
29.  Florida                15.502    11.542     8.031    5  3  SEC
30.  Auburn                 15.281    11.774    11.918    8  0  SEC
31.  Nebraska               15.204    13.691    11.754    7  1  BigTwelve
32.  Wisconsin              14.491     9.404     8.912    6  1  BigTen
33.  Illinois               14.375    10.213    10.685    4  2  BigTen
34.  UCSantaBarbara         14.279     7.558     3.599    2  3  BigWest
35.  SWMissouriState        14.250    10.222     4.815    3  3  MVC
36.  Alabama                14.125    10.887    13.267    4  3  SEC
37.  LongBeachState         14.096    13.248    11.629    0  4  BigWest
38.  Vermont                14.096    11.841     8.671    5  2  AmEast
39.  SantaClara             13.932    11.571     5.328    4  2  WCC
40.  KansasState            13.768    11.581    10.675    7  1  BigTwelve
41.  UCIrvine               13.768    10.165     9.562    1  4  BigWest
42.  NorthCarolinaState     13.681     7.679     4.854    6  1  ACC
43.  Washington             13.681    10.068     9.351    4  3  PacTen
44.  SouthFlorida           13.672    11.388    12.082    6  0  CUSA
45.  Tulane                 13.604     9.023     5.010    6  1  CUSA
46.  PennState              13.518    10.618     8.334    4  3  BigTen
47.  Missouri               13.508     9.476     8.421    5  1  BigTwelve
48.  Villanova              13.306    11.196    11.533    4  1  BigEast
49.  Rutgers                13.142     9.408     7.790    4  2  BigEast
50.  BostonCollege          13.132     7.597     3.105    3  2  BigEast
51.  Utah                   13.084     6.123     9.288    3  2  MWC
52.  WestVirginia           12.516     9.635     7.896    4  3  BigEast
53.  Mississippi            12.506    10.406     8.117    5  2  SEC
54.  Indiana                12.438     6.778     5.241    4  2  BigTen
55.  LSU                    12.419     7.785     6.383    4  2  SEC
56.  MississippiState       12.284     7.881     7.515    5  2  SEC
57.  Texas                  12.207     8.016     3.218    6  0  BigTwelve
58.  Drake                  12.140     7.578     3.974    3  2  MVC
59.  Montana                12.082     9.042     9.895    3  1  BigSky
60.  Evansville             11.986     4.801     3.317    4  3  MVC
61.  Minnesota              11.986     7.269     6.508    6  1  BigTen
62.  Toledo                 11.976     6.104     1.556    2  3  MAC
63.  SouthCarolina          11.966     7.944     5.713    7  1  SEC
64.  Southern               11.851    12.429     7.713    4  3  SWAC
65.  SouthAlabama           11.677    10.579    15.396    7  1  SunBelt
66.  Creighton              11.677     8.787     9.866    3  3  MVC
67.  Rice                   11.658     8.190     7.992    5  1  WAC
68.  Chattanooga            11.359     6.605     8.267    4  2  Southern
69.  Wofford                11.292     8.329     9.924    4  1  Southern
70.  Cincinnati             11.253    10.213    13.026    4  1  CUSA
71.  NorthTexas             11.147     5.632     3.143    4  3  SunBelt
72.  St.Peters              11.041     9.018     9.837    4  1  MAAC
73.  UNCWilmington          10.723     8.165     7.366    3  2  Colonial
74.  Clemson                10.579     6.528     2.406    3  3  ACC
75.  NotreDame              10.540     4.820     2.206    2  4  BigEast
76.  Delaware               10.434    10.444    11.205    3  1  Colonial
77.  MiddleTennessee        10.300     7.689     9.635    4  2  SunBelt
78.  Portland               10.290     5.800     7.433    6  0  WCC
79.  Maryland               10.049     5.757     6.412    5  2  ACC
80.  GeorgiaTech             9.943     7.631     6.701    4  3  ACC
81.  Oregon                  9.644     5.815     2.712    4  3  PacTen
82.  Louisville              9.514     4.772     3.452    3  2  CUSA
83.  Gonzaga                 9.432     6.412     6.874    2  4  WCC
84.  Belmont                 9.317     3.232    13.999    5  0  AtlSun
85.  NorthernIowa            9.163     7.216     5.988    4  3  MVC
86.  Virginia                9.095     4.471     0.412    5  3  ACC
87.  BallState               9.028     4.010     7.467    3  2  MAC
88.  WesternKentucky         8.772     2.295    -2.340    3  4  SunBelt
89.  EasternMichigan         8.758     7.689     8.132    5  1  MAC
90.  DePaul                  8.715     5.444     3.666    6  2  CUSA
91.  NorthernArizona         8.691     6.344     7.409    5  1  BigSky
92.  TennesseeTech           8.580     4.919     0.742    4  3  OVC
93.  CentralMichigan         8.546     6.108    10.434    4  1  MAC
94.  Pacific                 8.281     5.044     7.443    3  3  BigWest
95.  OregonState             8.257     3.986    -2.104    3  4  PacTen
96.  Massachusetts           8.151     4.514     3.367    1  5  ATen
97.  BYU                     8.069     4.976     6.556    3  3  MWC
98.  SEMissouriState         7.929     7.226     4.748    4  3  OVC
99.  CoastalCarolina         7.790     4.615     5.029    1  2  BigSouth
100. NorfolkState            7.751     6.349    14.944    4  1  MEAC
101. MiamiFla.               7.722     4.719     5.236    4  2  BigEast
102. Dartmouth               7.689     5.097     3.073    3  2  Ivy
103. Mercer                  7.611     5.651    14.202    4  2  AtlSun
104. BostonUniversity        7.597     6.638     7.534    6  2  AmEast
105. NewMexico               7.438     2.857     0.918    5  3  MWC
106. CollegeofCharleston     7.428     6.022     5.034    3  2  Southern
107. FloridaInternational    7.303     3.179     1.455    4  2  SunBelt
108. MiamiOhio               7.197     2.218     4.495    4  2  MAC
109. Georgetown              7.159     5.819     9.177    5  1  BigEast
110. EasternKentucky         7.115     5.106     2.394    3  2  OVC
111. Duquesne                7.009     4.608     6.287    2  5  ATen
112. HolyCross               6.932     2.869     0.578    5  3  Patriot
113. Hawaii                  6.874     4.203    -0.131    4  1  WAC
114. Houston                 6.768     5.689    10.637    6  1  CUSA
115. Kentucky                6.566     2.115     0.573    3  3  SEC
116. Providence              6.528     5.627     1.874    5  3  BigEast
117. SanFrancisco            6.422     1.749    -1.078    3  3  WCC
118. RhodeIsland             6.393     4.796     8.464    5  1  ATen
119. Memphis                 6.113     2.669    -0.042    3  5  CUSA
120. PortlandState           6.075     2.098     4.102    3  4  BigSky
121. TexasA&MCorpusChristi   6.012     4.805     5.289    6  2  Independent
122. GeorgeMason             5.853     4.815     0.544    4  3  Colonial
123. Xavier                  5.848     2.842     0.012    2  4  ATen
124. Charlotte               5.834     3.637     4.162    5  3  CUSA
125. NorthernIllinois        5.583     2.859     3.459    4  1  MAC
126. TexasA&M                5.463     4.114     7.814    5  2  BigTwelve
127. Temple                  5.400     1.638    -1.362    2  3  ATen
128. Hampton                 5.367     1.544     3.086    4  2  MEAC
129. St.Marys                5.285     2.862     1.385    3  2  WCC
130. ArizonaState            5.256     3.977     2.975    7  2  PacTen
131. Navy                    5.251     4.348     6.923    4  3  Patriot
132. Denver                  5.241     2.006     1.308    2  4  SunBelt
133. Marist                  5.034     4.035     5.135    3  2  MAAC
134. EastCarolina            4.921     2.924     1.604    1  6  CUSA
135. Nevada                  4.878     0.667    -0.510    3  3  WAC
136. Oakland                 4.851     2.864     1.717    2  3  MidCon
137. WashingtonState         4.668     3.370    -0.013    3  4  PacTen
138. MichiganState           4.605     1.067     3.676    7  1  BigTen
139. Marshall                4.545     4.222     7.019    2  3  MAC
140. St.Josephs              4.480     0.833    -0.452    4  2  ATen
141. WesternIllinois         4.446     2.466     2.782    2  4  MidCon
142. SetonHall               4.422     1.029     4.919    5  2  BigEast
143. LoyolaMarymount         4.403     1.209     2.462    6  2  WCC
144. Columbia                4.230     4.186     3.861    2  4  Ivy
145. AppalachianState        4.133     2.825     4.957    3  5  Southern
146. CalPoly                 4.035     3.235     2.308    1  4  BigWest
147. Marquette               4.013    -0.970    -7.095    1  5  CUSA
148. William&Mary            3.933    -0.252     3.310    3  2  Colonial
149. Richmond                3.885     1.175    -2.027    3  5  ATen
150. SacredHeart             3.847     3.941     4.432    3  1  Northeast
151. Pepperdine              3.835     0.132    -6.064    3  3  WCC
152. Stetson                 3.753     2.401     2.645    1  3  AtlSun
153. OklahomaState           3.695    -0.011     1.460    3  3  BigTwelve
154. UAB                     3.664    -0.519     1.253    3  3  CUSA
155. Elon                    3.596     3.235     3.355    2  4  BigSouth
156. Davidson                3.488     0.703    -0.519    4  3  Southern
157. Valparaiso              3.464    -1.488    -6.011    1  3  MidCon
158. California              3.375     1.440     1.016    4  2  PacTen
159. NewMexicoState          3.358     1.703    -0.411    3  4  SunBelt
160. SanDiego                3.247     1.308     0.968    3  3  WCC
161. SanJoseState            3.204     0.817     6.195    4  2  WAC
162. MontanaState            3.139     2.098     3.567    3  3  BigSky
163. BethuneCookman          3.054     2.112     1.999    2  4  MEAC
164. Liberty                 3.030     1.279     2.469    3  3  BigSouth
165. WichitaState            3.011     0.046     0.123    3  2  MVC
166. WisconsinMilwaukee      2.927    -2.008    -1.996    3  4  Horizon
167. Wyoming                 2.919     0.624     5.155    3  3  MWC
168. IllinoisChicago         2.845     1.414     8.204    5  0  Horizon
169. UNCGreensboro           2.582    -0.011    -0.317    3  3  Southern
170. Siena                   2.544    -1.020     0.188    3  3  MAAC
171. MoreheadState           2.479     2.011     3.336    4  1  OVC
172. MurrayState             2.238    -0.177     0.619    2  4  OVC
173. LoyolaIll.              2.129     1.479     2.322    4  2  Horizon
174. AustinPeay              2.093     2.587    -0.758    3  3  OVC
175. NewHampshire            2.071     1.491     0.026    3  4  AmEast
176. Furman                  2.038    -0.298    -2.887    4  3  Southern
177. Hofstra                 2.016     1.125     2.972    4  4  Colonial
178. LouisianaLafayette      1.927    -0.252    -1.596    1  5  SunBelt
179. ChicagoState            1.922     2.418     1.240    3  3  MidCon
180. GeorgeWashington        1.910    -2.003    -5.818    2  4  ATen
181. American                1.852     0.747     2.917    5  3  Patriot
182. SaintLouis              1.503    -0.753     3.100    4  2  CUSA
183. Quinnipiac              1.498     0.441     0.369    4  3  Northeast
184. St.Bonaventure          1.330     1.139     2.691    4  2  ATen
185. OhioState               1.284    -0.808    -0.478    2  3  BigTen
186. Monmouth                0.882     1.633     0.342    3  4  Northeast
187. ArkansasState           0.833    -0.206    -2.995    4  5  SunBelt
188. Idaho                   0.621    -0.312     1.674    3  4  BigWest
189. SouthernIllinois        0.597    -2.369    -0.570    3  3  MVC
190. Binghamton              0.503     0.918     2.269    5  3  AmEast
191. Mt.St.Marys             0.494    -1.500     2.934    3  3  Northeast
192. Hartford                0.385    -3.010     0.612    1  5  AmEast
193. Harvard                 0.366    -1.256     0.070    3  4  Ivy
194. Drexel                  0.340    -0.543     4.572    5  1  Colonial
195. Yale                    0.318     1.016     0.313    3  3  Ivy
196. Manhattan               0.313    -0.996     3.297    2  1  MAAC
197. IUPUI                   0.311    -0.160    -2.861    2  5  MidCon
198. StephenF.Austin         0.277    -2.025    -2.718    2  3  Southland
199. EastTennesseeState      0.246    -0.975    -0.820    3  3  Southern
200. Pittsburgh              0.157    -1.285    -1.321    3  4  BigEast
201. LongIsland              0.125    -0.107     2.992    3  2  Northeast
202. Lehigh                  0.094     0.593    -1.560    4  3  Patriot
203. Maine                   0.087    -3.711    -5.611    3  3  AmEast
204. Lipscomb                0.077    -0.953     0.455    3  6  Independent
205. BowlingGreen            0.005    -1.553    -1.117    1  5  MAC
206. SMU                    -0.004    -3.347    -8.800    3  4  WAC
207. LoyolaMd.              -0.098    -0.016     3.189    3  2  MAAC
208. HighPoint              -0.115    -3.101    -4.715    3  5  BigSouth
209. WeberState             -0.281    -2.646    -2.704    3  4  BigSky
210. Tulsa                  -0.483    -1.406    -2.208    3  4  WAC
211. Detroit                -0.652    -4.672    -7.312    3  2  Horizon
212. TexasArlington         -0.816    -2.251    -8.343    1  4  Southland
213. FresnoState            -0.890    -1.950     0.419    4  2  WAC
214. Ohio                   -1.003    -1.957     1.845    2  3  MAC
215. UMKC                   -1.003    -2.456    -1.529    2  4  MidCon
216. JamesMadison           -1.006    -3.576    -4.881    3  2  Colonial
217. Dayton                 -1.102    -2.690    -9.788    1  5  ATen
218. Arizona                -1.309    -6.295    -5.664    3  3  PacTen
219. NorthwesternState      -1.379    -3.838    -1.174    1  3  Southland
220. WesternCarolina        -1.384    -3.867     0.862    5  2  Southern
221. UCLA                   -1.476    -2.425    -5.043    3  3  PacTen
222. MarylandBaltimoreCo    -1.613    -1.035    -2.930    2  3  Northeast
223. Howard                 -1.668    -0.931    -0.040    3  4  MEAC
224. Fordham                -1.724    -1.377    -1.675    2  4  ATen
225. SWTexasState           -1.808    -4.590    -2.099    2  3  Southland
226. IdahoState             -1.887    -2.543    -1.461    2  3  BigSky
227. SouthernUtah           -1.943    -1.095    -4.840    1  5  MidCon
228. IndianaState           -2.058    -5.462    -1.131    3  3  MVC
229. Radford                -2.104    -3.598    -2.832    3  3  BigSouth
230. WakeForest             -2.131    -3.337    -6.657    2  4  ACC
231. AlcornState            -2.133     0.248    -4.650    1  3  SWAC
232. SanDiegoState          -2.181    -2.458    -2.600    3  3  MWC
233. AlabamaState           -2.225    -3.077    -4.053    1  2  SWAC
234. WesternMichigan        -2.225    -4.337    -2.408    2  5  MAC
235. CharlestonSouthern     -2.258    -4.886    -5.563    1  3  BigSouth
236. FairleighDickinson     -2.270    -1.391     1.667    4  2  Northeast
237. UCRiverside            -2.290    -4.067    -6.623    0  6  BigWest
238. Northwestern           -2.403    -3.798    -6.907    2  6  BigTen
239. Rider                  -2.673    -1.023    -1.704    0  5  MAAC
240. JacksonState           -2.692    -2.940     1.144    2  2  SWAC
241. Campbell               -2.839    -1.471    -8.343    1  5  AtlSun
242. Cornell                -2.979    -3.251    -1.651    2  5  Ivy
243. MarylandEasternShore   -3.340    -2.620     1.118    3  2  MEAC
244. Pennsylvania           -3.347    -5.626    -3.942    2  5  Ivy
245. KentState              -3.602    -3.398    -6.999    1  4  MAC
246. Bucknell               -3.607    -2.465    -3.545    3  3  Patriot
247. CoppinState            -3.759    -2.817    -6.873    2  4  MEAC
248. YoungstownState        -3.838    -4.380    -0.302    2  3  Horizon
249. BoiseState             -3.875    -5.043    -8.319    2  4  WAC
250. Kansas                 -3.896    -4.966    -6.069    2  5  BigTwelve
251. CentralFlorida         -4.135    -5.115     0.383    5  2  AtlSun
252. Albany                 -4.140    -3.961    -4.031    1  4  AmEast
253. TroyState              -4.332    -5.997    -7.360    2  2  AtlSun
254. Fairfield              -5.052    -7.851   -11.657    2  5  MAAC
255. TexasSanAntonio        -5.120    -7.654    -4.094    2  3  Southland
256. Army                   -5.120    -6.315    -6.223    0  7  Patriot
257. TexasSouthern          -5.361    -5.544    -0.724    2  3  SWAC
258. Butler                 -5.366    -7.635   -10.472    1  6  Horizon
259. GeorgiaSouthern        -5.602    -7.794    -8.097    1  4  Southern
260. Princeton              -5.616    -5.736    -3.366    4  2  Ivy
261. NichollsState          -5.818    -4.662    -5.708    2  2  Southland
262. Lafayette              -5.929    -3.814    -4.749    1  5  Patriot
263. LaSalle                -5.953    -4.303    -6.859    1  5  ATen
264. CalStateNorthridge     -6.170    -9.378   -12.746    0  5  BigWest
265. St.Johns               -6.189    -6.334    -6.907    3  5  BigEast
266. JacksonvilleState      -6.209    -4.327    -5.698    1  5  AtlSun
267. FloridaA&M             -6.339    -6.358    -7.143    1  4  MEAC
268. IllinoisState          -6.348    -8.665   -13.093    0  7  MVC
269. VirginiaCommonwealth   -6.377    -7.663    -6.941    2  4  Colonial
270. OralRoberts            -6.522    -9.359   -12.977    2  4  MidCon
271. Buffalo                -6.623    -5.255    -5.303    2  4  MAC
272. SouthernMississippi    -7.052    -6.859    -4.590    3  3  CUSA
273. Canisius               -7.134    -7.321    -8.531    2  4  MAAC
274. StonyBrook             -7.288    -7.813    -7.389    3  3  AmEast
275. Grambling              -7.543    -8.940    -7.095    1  5  SWAC
276. EasternWashington      -7.543    -8.376    -8.405    2  5  BigSky
277. NewOrleans             -7.606    -6.430    -3.217    3  5  SunBelt
278. St.FrancisPa.          -8.073    -6.560    -2.186    2  3  Northeast
279. SELouisiana            -8.174    -7.230   -10.472    0  5  Southland
280. Brown                  -8.174    -9.027    -7.008    3  4  Ivy
281. ArkansasLittleRock     -8.213    -7.895    -6.160    2  5  SunBelt
282. MorganState            -8.709    -8.747    -9.277    1  6  MEAC
283. SouthCarolinaState     -9.012    -7.129    -3.431    2  4  MEAC
284. BirminghamSouthern     -9.017    -8.034    -6.464    2  3  BigSouth
285. Wagner                 -9.340    -8.540   -11.715    1  5  Northeast
286. CalStateFullerton      -9.614    -9.403    -9.634    1  4  BigWest
287. Northeastern           -9.942   -10.501    -8.564    1  5  AmEast
288. DelawareState         -10.019    -7.832    -6.878    2  5  MEAC
289. FloridaAtlantic       -10.038    -9.961    -8.569    2  3  AtlSun
290. Niagara               -10.212    -8.718    -9.480    0  5  MAAC
291. WrightState           -10.212    -8.868   -13.314    0  7  Horizon
292. TennesseeMartin       -10.414   -12.515   -15.848    0  6  OVC
293. ClevelandState        -10.539   -11.561   -10.106    2  3  Horizon
294. Colgate               -10.539    -9.865   -12.457    1  4  Patriot
295. Towson                -10.559    -9.494   -13.767    1  5  Colonial
296. Iona                  -10.703   -11.089   -11.936    0  6  MAAC
297. EasternIllinois       -10.732   -10.424   -14.345    0  8  OVC
298. AirForce              -10.906   -10.684   -15.039    0  7  MWC
299. Jacksonville          -11.089   -10.482   -14.384    0  5  AtlSun
300. ArkansasPineBluff     -11.272   -12.197    -5.900    1  2  SWAC
301. LouisianaMonroe       -11.599   -11.599   -15.954    0  5  Southland
302. Centenary             -11.956    -7.572    -4.176    1  3  Independent
303. Winthrop              -14.191   -12.948   -20.405    0  5  BigSouth
304. TennesseeState        -15.193   -14.230   -21.118    1  3  OVC
305. Lamar                 -15.684   -13.093   -10.472    2  4  Southland
306. Samford               -16.301   -14.046   -12.177    1  4  AtlSun
307. TexasPanAmerican      -16.523   -16.108   -12.399    1  6  Independent
308. Akron                 -17.236   -17.582   -16.898    1  6  MAC
309. SamHoustonState       -17.293   -17.968   -21.504    0  7  Southland
310. CentralConnecticut    -17.313   -16.879   -16.667    1  5  Northeast
311. McNeeseState          -17.631   -18.209   -21.446    0  6  Southland
312. St.FrancisN.Y.        -17.669   -17.274   -13.950    1  4  Northeast
313. TexasElPaso           -17.949   -17.187   -16.243    1  6  WAC
314. MorrisBrown           -19.644   -16.089   -17.187    1  5  Independent
315. UNCAsheville          -20.444   -19.384   -24.240    0  5  BigSouth
316. AlabamaA&M            -20.540   -19.529   -27.921    0  3  SWAC
317. MississippiValley     -22.255   -17.525   -15.299    0  3  SWAC
318. RobertMorris          -27.458   -23.893   -24.298    0  3  Northeast
319. NorthCarolinaA&T      -31.389   -28.556   -21.774    0  5  MEAC
320. PrairieViewA&M        -31.871   -30.445   -32.218    0  3  SWAC
321. CalStateSacramento    -33.220   -32.256   -38.596    0  6  BigSky

Fri Dec 07 23:19:30 CST 2001

Calculations by Curtis Schmelling, made possible by MacPerl and Java!

(C) Copyright 1997-2001, Curtis Schmelling

You are free to copy this document in whole or part provided that proper acknowledgement is given to the author. All Rights Reserved